Reasons for not having children.
If a couple has the following issues, it is called infertility.
# If the woman is under the age of 34 and the couple has sexual intercourse without any contraceptive drug or method and still no pregnancy has been established within 12 months. # If the woman is over 35 years of age and the couple has sexual intercourse without any contraceptive drug or method and still no pregnancy has been established within 6 months.
# If the woman concerned does not have the ability to complete her pregnancy. Fertility in women peaks between the ages of twenty and thirty. At this age, couples with good physical health who engage in regular sexual activity have a 25 to 30 percent chance of becoming pregnant each month. For those between the ages of 30 and 40, especially those over the age of 35, the chances of getting pregnant are less than 10% each month.
What causes infertility?
Infertility can be caused by physical problems in both men and women. In some cases the causes are not known. Common Women’s Causes / Problems # Damage to the ducts as a result of infection or surgery.
# Having a tumor inside the uterus. These are benign tumors that grow from the muscle layers of the uterus.
# Endometriosis In this condition, muscles resembling the inner layers of the uterus develop outside the uterus and cause pain, especially during the menstrual period or during sexual intercourse.
# Abnormal fluid coming out of the cervix. In this condition, the fluid that comes out of the cervix becomes very thick, which prevents semen germs from entering the uterus. # Production of antibodies to semen microbes, ie a woman produces antibodies against her partner’s semen microbes. # Sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, etc.
These causes of infertility can be eliminated. # Up to 40% of lower abdomen in women if sexually transmitted diseases are not treated
Inflammation (PID) can occur, which causes infertility and impairs the structure of the fallopian tubes. # Sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, etc. These causes of infertility can be eliminated.
# TB affects various systems of the body, including the reproductive system of both men and women, and leads to infertility. # Hormonal imbalance. Changes in the amount of thyroid hormone (a hormone secreted by a small gland located in the front of the neck that enters the bloodstream).
. Due to a brain tumor called prolactinoma, a hormone called prolactin is overproduced. This condition is usually associated with galactorrhea. # Increased production of a hormone called insulin.
# Diabetes mellitus and # dysfunction of the adrenal gland. # Being overweight or underweight. # Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) The condition of having multiple tumors in the uterus. In this condition, pregnancy does not occur due to the maturation of the eggs and their inability to release them, resulting in the formation of numerous lumps inside the uterus. # Obesity does not result in proper ovulation, thyroid dysfunction (not working), puberty (13 to 16 years) or menopause (40 to 45 years).
# Psychological problems, such as anxiety caused by a lack of emotional support, can lead to hormonal problems that affect a woman’s fertility. Common Causes / Problems in Men The cause of infertility in men is often a decrease in the number of semen germs or a physical defect.
. Men’s Physical Defects # Hypospadias In this condition, there is a congenital defect in the urethra, which causes the urethra to form in an abnormal place, that is, at the bottom of the penis. # Vericocele In this condition, the veins of the testicular sac expand which can be felt by touching with the hand, and it feels as if it is a small sac full of insects.
# Peyronie’s Disease In this disease the structure of the penis is very bent and there is some stiffness on this elbow even if the penis is not in a state of tension. In this condition there is pain during sexual intercourse and finally Infertility occurs. Unexpected infertility In about 15% of cases, infertility research does not show any defects. In such cases, defects are possible, but they cannot be detected by the available methods.
There may be problems with the ovaries not releasing the eggs at the right time for fertilization, or the ovaries not entering the fallopian tubes, the germs of the male semen not reaching the eggs, not being able to fertilize, Disruption of the transfer of the fertilized egg, or for some reason the fertilized egg cannot attach to the uterine wall.
The quality of the egg is now given more importance than ever before and that the eggs of older women are normal and Successful Fertility Decreases Ring # To avoid unwanted pregnancies after unprotected sexual intercourse, 1 to 2% of the women concerned become pregnant despite taking this pill within 72 hours.
# It is very effective to keep this device in the uterus in an emergency. If the device is used within 7 days after unprotected sex, it is up to 99.9% effective in preventing pregnancy. The following factors / problems can cause infertility in women: Regular, sexual activity without any precautionary measures for a period of one year, not to be considered pregnant or not to continue the pregnancy until its completion This condition is called infertility. The highest fertility rates in women are found in the early thirties.
For healthy couples who engage in regular sexual activity, at this age group, the rate of pregnancy is 25 to 30 percent per month. It is possible. Thirty years, especially after the age of thirty-five, the chances of women getting pregnant are less than 10% per month. What causes infertility? Infertility can be caused by a woman or a man or both. In some cases the cause cannot be determined.
Some of the causes found in women, which cause or contribute to infertility. The causes are listed below, * Loss of tubes after operation or infection. * Tumors in the uterus (these tumors grow from the layers of the uterus in the form of non-existent tumors). * Excess of a hormone called prolactin. * Irregularities in the process of ovulation.